Word + Quiz: de facto

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Word + Quiz: de facto

adjective: existing in fact, whether with lawful authority or not

adverb: existing in reality or fact

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The term de facto has appeared in 517 articles on NYTimes.com in the past year, including on Jan. 20 in “France’s Unofficial Minister for Fashion Isn’t Afraid of a Redesign” by Tina Isaac-Goizé:

“In the beginning, everybody thought I was crazy,” said Ms. Poirson, who is officially one of three secretaries of state to the minister for the ecological and inclusive transition and, unofficially, France’s de facto minister for fashion.

Both a champion of the industry and its rare critic, Ms. Poirson, 37, is playing a role in negotiations regarding President Trump’s threats to impose tariffs on handbags and other luxury goods, also known as the “handbag war.” Last year, she also spearheaded wide-ranging legislation that included banning brands from destroying an estimated 630 million euros (or $700 million) of unsold goods annually, a common practice in the industry. Prime Minister Édouard Philippe has said France would be the first to formally adopt this measure.

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