xenophobia ˌze-nə-ˈfō-bē-ə , ˌzē- noun
: a fear of foreigners or strangers
The word xenophobia has appeared in 163 articles on NYTimes.com in the past year, including on Oct. 5 in “The Modernist ‘Outsiders’ in Paris” by Nina Siegal:
Chagall, born Moishe Segal, was a Belarusian Jew who had fled Vitebsk for Paris a half-century earlier, at age 20. He was trying to leave behind Russia’s discrimination against Jews and the periodic violent pogroms, trading them for the center of the art world.
… Even though Chagall immediately became one of the leading modernist painters, he continued to face difficulties in the French capital. When the Vichy government came to power in 1940, Jewish artists could no longer exhibit in Paris. Even in the 1960s, many French critics still regarded him as no more than a “foreign Jew” who should not be able to paint a national monument, said Maurice Rummens, a research assistant at the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam.
This story is part of “Chagall, Picasso, Mondrian and Others: Migrants in Paris,” an exhibition curated by Mr. Rummens at the Stedelijk Museum until Feb. 2, 2020. It seeks to remind visitors that while Paris may have been an artistic melting pot in the first half of the 20th century, “outsiders” experienced xenophobia and anti-Semitism.